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The Demographics chapter

The Demographics chapter shows who lives in South Africa, how old they are, where they live, and what their home language is. The data, in 95 pages of detail, is broken down by race, sex, age, and location, going back as far as 1911 and looking ahead to 2040.

2012-Survey----Demographics-(WEB)-1.jpg

Internal migration and urban growth trends are featured, showing which provinces are gaining and which are losing people. Seven pages are devoted to the impact of HIV/AIDS on population trends. A further seven pages are dedicated to families, including child-headed households, orphans, the presence or absence of fathers, single parents, and teenage pregnancy. Human Development Index trends are tracked back to 1980. The chapter concludes with a section on emigrants, residence permit holders, refugees and asylum seekers, as well as deportations.

For more detail on what the chapter contains, you will find the complete table of contents below.

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Table of contents:

POPULATION PROFILE
2
Breakdown by race and age, 1911–2040
2
Population by race, 1911–2025
2
Population by race, 1911 and 2011
2
Projected population, 2010–40
3
Projected population by age, 2010–40
4
Projected population by age, 2010 and 2040
4
Population estimates for 2012 and the 2011 census
4
Breakdown by race, 1992–2025
5
Population by race, 1992–2025
5
Breakdown by race, sex, and age, 2011
6
Population by race, sex, and age, 2011
6
Breakdown by race and sex
10
Male/female population distribution by race, 2011
10
Breakdown by race and age
10
Age profile by race, 2011 (actual numbers)
10
Age profile by race, 2011 (proportions)
10
Growth rate and forecasts by sex and race, 2001–40
11
Estimated annual population growth rates by sex, 2001–11
11
Annual population growth rate, 2010–40
11
Population by race, 2010 and 2025
12
Population by race, 2010–40
12
Population by race, 2010 and 2040
13
Relative population by sex, 2010–40
13
Average annual population growth, selected countries,
 
 1990–95 and 2010–15
14
Average annual population growth, emerging markets,
 
 1990–95 and 2010–15
15
Average annual population growth, selected African countries,
 
 1990–95 and 2010–15
16
Breakdown by province
17
Population by province, 2011
17
Population growth rates and possible contributing factors
17
Average annual population growth rates by province,
 
 2001–21
19
Breakdown by race, sex, and province
20
Population by race and province, 2012 and
 
 2015 (actual numbers)
20
Population by race and province, 2012 and
 
 2015 (proportions)
21
Population by sex and province, 2012 and 2015
 
 (actual numbers)
22
Population by sex and province, 2012 and 2015 (proportions)
22
Male/female differentiation by province, 2012 and 2015
23
Inter–provincial migration
24
Internal migration by province, 2006–11
24
Population density
25
Population density by province, 2011
25
Breakdown by municipality
26
Geography and demographics of district and metropolitan
 
 municipalities, 2011
26
Population by municipality and race, 2011
28
Breakdown of district and metropolitan municipalities by
 
 race, sex, and age, 2007
30
Geographical distribution and urbanisation
30
Proportions of people living in urban areas by province and
 
 race, 1998, 2003, and 2008
30
Area size and population density of 16 selected
 
 urban areas, 2011
30
Population of 16 selected urban areas by race, 2000–11
31
The five fastest-growing urban areas, 2000-11
34
Population of 16 selected urban areas by race, 2011
34
Urban and rural populations in South Africa, 1990 and 2011
35
Urban and rural populations as a proportion of total
 
 population, selected countries, 1990 and 2011
36
Urban and rural populations as a proportion of total
 
 population, emerging markets, 1990 and 2011
37
Urban and rural populations as a proportion of total
 
 population, selected African countries, 1990 and 2011
38
DEMOGRAPHIC INDICATORS
39
Fertility rate
39
Fertility rate, 2001–11
39
Fertility rate by province, 2001–06 and 2006–11
40
Fertility rate, 2010–40
40
Total fertility rate,  international comparisons, 2010
41
Births
42
Birth rate, 2001–11 
42
Recorded live births by sex, 1991–2011
42
Births by numbers and rate, 2010–25
43
Births minus deaths
44
Births minus deaths, 1985–2025
44
Mortality
45
Death rate, 2001–11
45
Number of registered deaths, 1997–2009
45
Deaths by age and sex, 2009
46
Mortality rate, 2010–40
46
Infant mortality rate, 1985–2011
47
Infant and under five mortality rate, selected countries,
 
 1990 and 2011
48
Average adult mortality rates by sex, selected countries,
 
 2006–10
49
Average adult mortality rates by sex, emerging markets,
 
 2006–10
50
Average adult mortality rates by sex, selected African
 
 countries, 2006–10
51
Life expectancy
52
Life expectancy at birth by sex, 2001–11
52
Life expectancy by province and sex, 2001–06 and 2006–11
52
Life expectancy at birth by race, 1985–2025 (ASSA)
53
Life expectancy at birth by race, 1985–2040 (IFR)
54
Life expectancy at birth by sex, 2010–40
55
Life expectancy at birth, selected countries, 1990 and 2010
56
Survival to age 65 by sex, selected countries, 2010
57
Survival to age 65 by sex, emerging markets, 2010
58
Survival to age 65 by sex, selected African countries, 2010
59
Dependency
60
Dependency ratio by race, 2000–40
60
Old-age dependency ratio by race, 2000–40
61
Dependency ratio, selected countries, 1990 and 2010
62
Impact of HIV/AIDS
63
Number and proportion of people HIV-positive, 2001–11
63
Change in effects of HIV/AIDS on total population, 2000–25
63
Effects of HIV/AIDS on total population, 2000–25
64
AIDS deaths by province, 2000–25
65
Non-AIDS deaths by province, 2000–25
65
Effects of HIV/AIDS on provincial populations, 2000–25
66
Impact of HIV/AIDS on the size of the South African
 
 population, 2000–40
69
HOUSEHOLDS
70
Households by province, 2011
70
Household numbers by race, 2001–11
70
Households by district and metropolitan
 
 municipalities, 2011
71
Households by type, 2010
73
FAMILIES
74
Marriage registrations, 2003–10
74
Children by province, 2010
74
Child-headed households by province, 2002–10
75
Orphans by province, 2010
75
Orphans by race, 2010
76
Orphans, selected African countries, 2009
76
Orphans, 2010–25
76
Children living with/without their parents by race, 2010
77
Children living without any parent by race, 2010
77
Children living in skip generation households by race, 2010
77
Children with/without fathers by race, 1996–2010
78
Teenage pregnancy by province, 2002 and 2008
78
Teenage fertility rate, 1997–2010
79
Pupils who got pregnant in ordinary schools by province
 
 and grade, 2009
79
Teenage fertility rate, international comparisons, 2010
80
RELIGION
81
Major religious affiliations, 2001 and 2011
81
Major religious affiliations, 2011
82
LANGUAGE
83
Home languages, 2011
83
Home languages by race, 2011
84
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX
85
Human Development Index, selected countries, 1980–2011
85
Human Development Index, South Africa, 1980–2011
86
Human Development Index, selected countries, 1980–2011
86
Human Development Index rankings, selected countries,
 
 2000–11
87
Human Development Index rankings, emerging markets,
 
 2000–11
88
Human Development Index rankings, selected African
 
 countries, 2000–11
89
MIGRATION
90
Emigration
90
South Africans living in foreign countries, 2010
90
Immigration
91
Residence permits issued, 2009/10 and 2010/11
91
Work permits, 2009/10-2011/12
92
Work permits issued, 2009/10-2011/12
92
SADC immigrants to South Africa and remittances, 2011
93
Foreigners employed in gold, platinum, and coal mines,
 
 selected countries, 1996 and 2011
93
Refugees and asylum seekers
94
Asylum applications, 2009/10
94
Deportations
95
Deportations, 2003-10
95
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